Gynecomastia is a fairly common occurrence when men experience hormonal imbalances. Gynecomastia can be referred to as a number of different names such as mans boobs, swollen nipples and more. The condition is somewhat common with athletes who utilize various steroidal and hormonal treatments to gain a performance edge.
The condition begins with a light swelling until the chest and pack area becomes abnormally large. The condition can be common in men who experiment with hormonal treatments and young boys who are going through puberty. The condition can also occur in newborn males with some frequency.
When it comes to diagnosing the condition many doctors will ask patients about their symptoms, their drug and medical history as well as their family history. Physicians will also examine the breast tissue, abdomen and genitals. A mammogram, ultrasound or x-rays may also be done to confirm diagnosis.
Gynecomastia treatment can range depending on the underlying cause of the enlargement. In some cases treatment could be as simple as switching to a different type of medication, staying the course of medication until hormones normalize or monitoring the condition until it resolves. In the vast majority of cases, Gynecomastia will eventually clear up over time.
In some cases gynecomastia surgery does take place when a person feels uncomfortable or if the condition does not improve even over a long period of time. In most cases gynecomastia surgery involves liposuction or excision. Liposuction involves sucking of fatty tissue with a very small incision and tube. Excision involves cutting out tissue directly with a scalpel and this is reserved for extensive breast enlargement through glandular tissue. This is one of the most invasive procedures for Gynecomastia but it may be required with extensive tissue reduction.
Overall Gynecomastia is a highly treatable and fairly common issue many men experience throughout their lifetime as a result of hormonal imbalances.